Every Linux user is probably familiar with the ifconfig command. This allows us to see the current network settings on a system and to make various changes to the network interfaces (change IP, bring up, down, etc.). A typical run of ifconfig (or ifconfig -a) without any parameters will show the status of all the network interfaces, while using a network interface name (like** ifconfig eth0**) will output the status of only that interface.
Let’s see how a sample output looks like:
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
inet addr:192.168.0.2 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:4233700943 errors:2 dropped:0 overruns:3 frame:5
TX packets:1917219659 errors:1 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:348
RX bytes:1467520026 (1.3 GiB) TX bytes:2299240337 (2.1 GiB)
As we can see here ifconfig is keeping a couple of counters (RX/TX packets, RX/TX bytes, errors, dropped, overruns, frame, carrier collisions). We can quickly spot if there is a problem by just looking at the ifconfig counters. It is not the scope of this post how to solve these issues, but let’s consider that the problem is solved and then we normally don’t want to see the errors there anymore. Of course if there are new errors that show the same problem or a new one that would be ok to see them. So the normal thought is how to clear those counters and start fresh. How to reset them? If someone has tried to do this before, they might tell us that restarting the network interface will not help. This would have been the most logical choice, but how can we do this without rebooting the system?
The idea is that those counters are kept by the kernel (more exactly by the network card driver). By the way we can look at the same counters directly on the proc system using:
Considering this, we have 2 possible choices: the network card driver is build either as a kernel module or build-in statically inside the kernel. These relate to our issue like this:
- kernel module: in this case we can solve this issue and reset the counters by unloading the module from the kernel and then loading it back again. This will clear the counters. Assuming that I have a NIC using the e100 module this can be done by:
modprobe -r e100; modprobe e100; ifup eth0
or something similar to bring the interface back up (depending on your particular Linux distribution the script to bring up the network interface might be different).
Note: this will bring down the network interface, and if you are doing this over a ssh connection, use extra care (like maybe create a small script, add some extra measures to ensure you will not lock yourself out of the system).
- module built-in the kernel: in this case there is no way to reset the counters (of course without rebooting the system) if the particular network module driver has not a way to reset them using some code written inside the driver. From what I have seen in the source code of the modules I had used, none of them had such a software hook. But there might be other modules that offer this functionalityâ€¦ just that I have not personally seen it on the common NIC drivers I have used.
By the way a quick way to find out what particular driver is using a network interface is to use ethtool (a very powerfool tool that has many great usages):
ethtool -i eth0
I hope that you found this post useful and please feel free to use the comment box bellow to let me know if you have any additions/corrections to this.